Glossary

 

S.N0

ENGLISH

TAMIL

HINDI

 

Spices/Herbs

 

 

1

Turmeric

Manjal

Haldi

2

Coriander seeds/ powder

Dhaniya

Dhania

3

Cloves

Lavangam, Kirambu

Lavang

4

Fennel

Sombu

Saunf

5

Cinnamon

Pattai

Tuj/Dalchini

6

Cardamom

Yelakkai

Elaichi

7

Cilantro, Coriander leaves

Kothamalli

Dhania

8

Ginger

Inji

Adrak

9

Garlic

Poondu

Lasun

10

Pepper corns

Milagu

Kalimirchi

11

Fenugreek seeds

Vendhayam

Methi

12

Red chili pepper

Kaindha /Vatral milagai

lal Mirchi

13

Poppy seeds

Gasagasa

Khuskhus

14

Asafetida

Perungayam

Hing

15

Saffron

Kungumapoo

Kesar

16

Aniseed

Perunjeeragam

Sauf

17

Bay leaf, Cinnamon leaf

Birinji ilai

Tej/Tuj patta

18

Cumin seeds

Sombu

Shah Jeera/Kala Jeera

19

Mustard seeds

Kadugu

Rai/Sarson

20

Mint leaves

Pudhina

Podina

 

Nuts/Dried fruit

 

 

21

Peanuts, Groundnuts

Verkadalai, Nilakadalai

Moongphali

22

Cashew nut

Mundhiri Paruppu

Kaju

23

Almonds

Baadaam

Badam

24

Pistachio

  Pista

Pista

25

Walnut

  Akrute

Akroot

26

Dates

  Peyarcham Pazham

Kajhoor

27

Dried Apricot

Atthi Pazham

Khumani

28

Raisin

Kaintha thratchai

Kishmish

 

Grains/Flours

 

 

29

Gram flour

Kadalai Mavu

Besan

30

Maida flour

Maida mavu

Maida

31

Wheat flour

Gothumai mavu,

Atta flour

32

Parboiled rice

Puzhungal Arisi

  Odan

33

Semolina

Ravai

Suji

 

Lentils

Paruppu

Dal

34

Vermicelli

Semiya

Seviyan

35

Yellow split peas

Thuvaram Paruppu

Thoor dal

36

Bengal gram

Kadalai Paruppu

Channa dal

37

Black gram

Ulundhu

Urad dal

38

Green gram

Pachai Paruppu

Moong dal

 

Seasonings

 

 

39

Tamarind

Puli

Imli

40

Jaggery

Vellam

Gur

41

Sesame seeds

Ellu

til

42

Green hot chili

Pachai milagai

Hari Mirchi

43

Green pepper, Capsicum

Kudai milagai

bari mirch

44

Curry leaves

Karivepilai

kari Patta